hyperledger explorer

Deploying Hyperledger Fabric: Planning and considerations

Has your organization been thinking about deploying a blockchain application? First, let’s go over the basics: A blockchain is a string of transaction records that is secured with cryptography. Blockchains can serve as a distributed ledger in a network of peers. Hyperledger Fabric, often mistakenly used interchangeably with “blockchain,” is actually a blockchain framework implementation. […]


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UN secretary-general wants global regulations to combat cyberwars

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UN Secretary-General António Guterres on Monday called for the creation of a regulatory body charged with fighting electronic warfare campaigns that target civilians

While speaking at his alma mater, the University of Lisbon, the UN chief said a global set of rules that would help protect civilians from disinformation campaigns – many of which have revolutionized the way interested parties weaponise information through the use of the internet and social media networks.

State-sponsored computer hackers, including “Fancy Bear” and “Cozy Bear” – both controlled by Russia’s intelligence services, have disrupted multinational firms and public services, as well as political campaigns, and most recently the opening ceremonies of the ongoing Pyeongchang Winter Olympic Games.

“Episodes of cyber warfare between states already exist. What is worse is that there is no regulatory scheme for that type of warfare. It is not clear how the Geneva Convention or international humanitarian law applies in these cases,” Guterres said while speaking at the University of Lisbon. “I am absolutely convinced that unlike the great battles of the past, which opened with a barrage of artillery or aerial bombardment, the next major war will begin with a massive cyber attack to destroy military capacity and to paralyse basic infrastructure, including electric networks.”

Cyber-warfare has moved to the forefront of military planning over the last decade. Russia’s GRU military intelligence unit successfully tested its ability to disrupt public services in Estonia and Georgia more than a decade ago, Western military planners have scrambled to counter the advances that Moscow has made in developing advanced cyber-warfare strategies.

NATO is in the process of cyberwar principles that will act as a strategic framework for guiding the alliance’s force reaction in the event of a crippling cyber attack to its command structure or the deployment of cyberweapons against one of the alliance allies. NATO command hopes to have a broad plan in place by 2019, but questions remain as the US administration under Donald Trump had continued with its lukewarm embrace of the 68-year-old North Atlantic Alliance.

During his speech in Lisbon, Gutteres offered to use the UN as a platform for scientists, programmers, and government representatives to develop rules that would help minimise the amount of access certain agents of war would have when trying to make contact with unwitting civilians.

Guterres said he believed it possible for leading computer specialists and like-minded lawmakers to created a set of rules that would “guarantee the more humane character” of a conflict involving information technology and help preserve cyberspace as “an instrument in the service of good”, but warned that time was not on their side as technological advances far outpace the traditional methods of working out universally accepted rules that include the Geneva Conventions of 1864-1949.

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Big data for social recovery

BIG Data drives marketing today. Global brands are realising big gains from Big Data analytics by influencing consumer behaviour. Amazon, one of the first companies to anticipate the potential of Big Data, proved it when its chief executive officer Jeff Bezos became the world’s richest person, after Amazon’s earnings report was recently made public. Forbes stated that retailers who leverage on Big Data are able to increase their operation margins by 60 per cent.

Data-driven intelligence has been used successfully especially in technology and business, while being rapidly explored in other areas — health, agriculture, transportation services, banking sectors and so on. Big Data has also been said to influence voting behaviours, for instance in the controversial Trump and Brexit campaigns.

Since Big Data trend has arrived in Malaysia, is it possible to use it to combat some of Malaysia’s social problems?

Seldom a day passes without us reading the news about social illnesses in Malaysia: drug-related problems, physical and sexual abuse and teen crimes. How can we fix this?

Unfortunately, the complexity of social problems has diverted people’s attention away from the root causes of the problems, thus leading to unsuccessful solutions.

Here, Big Data could play a big role through pattern-matching algorithms which can give valuable insights into the origin of the social problems as well as provide focus on finding effective solutions. Several countries have attempted to leverage on the power of data analytics for this purpose.

In the United States, the opioid epidemic is causing the death of more than 15,000 patients every year as well as impacting the lives of a further two million people who abuse or depend on painkilling drugs. In addressing the problem, data intelligence is used to identify effective therapies to stop the addiction, cut down on fraud in prescribing the drugs, as well as in deciding ideal places to build new opioid treatment facilities.

In New Zealand, Big Data is used to predict the risk that a child will be maltreated. It is said that the prediction is as accurate as a mammogram detects breast cancer. These insights allow vulnerable families to be assisted ahead of time, preventing the likelihood of children being physically, emotionally or sexually abused. Further, data intelligence could help centres classify the thousands of calls they receive based on the urgency for those families to be assisted.

Lack of education, whether in terms of limited opportunities or lack of interest, could also be one of the contributors to social problems. While we see Malaysia becoming a more competitive society, the focus on top students obtaining the best results also mean that a lot of others are left neglected.

Also in the US, data is used to develop an “early warning system” to identify students who need the most assistance in terms aid programmes. Further, Big Data is also used to assess the effectiveness of intervention programmes implemented.

However, application of Big Data analytics in social context may not come easy. Challenges come in the form of:

LACK of structured Big Data for social problems. Oftentimes, data are missing, incomplete, or stored in silos. Due to the nature of social data that are messier, more dynamic and complex by virtue of the sum of stakeholders involved, collaborations between various parties to contribute and integrate data is critical to create effective strategies.

SHORTAGE of skilled workforce. As we move rapidly into the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the change in the supply and demand for jobs undergoes a similar rapidity. Unfortunately, the immense demand for data specialists does not match the scarce supply.

THREATS imposing ethical issues in relation to data privacy, confidentiality, transparency and prejudice. There have been concerns that Big Data tools would reinforce prejudice and biases by targeting a certain group of people. Privacy and confidentiality of data, which can compromise identity, could be abused if they fall into irresponsible hands. Big Data also requires transparency – unfortunately, more often than not, data is being used, or sold, without people’s knowledge and consent.

While Big Data may be the answer to address the critical social problems Malaysia is facing, the effort in battling the social plague requires support from all parties to ensure the strengthening of data collection as well as the advancement of skilled workforce. Further, collaboration between statisticians, social work practitioners, ethics specialists and experts on disparities is important. Lastly, it is also important to realise that Big Data is a double-edged sword — Big Opportunities, Bigger Responsibilities.

DR MOONYATI MOHD YATID is a senior analyst in the Technology, Innovation, Environment and Sustainability (TIES) Department, Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia


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‘Startups are the truest passion projects’ – 60 quotes from Indian startup journeys

From passion to purpose, witness the memorable journey of Indian entrepreneurship in these excerpts and stories! StoryBites is a weekly feature from YourStory, featuring notable quotable quotes in our articles of this past week (see the previous post here). Share these 60 gems and insights from the week of February 12-18 with your colleagues and networks, and check back to the original articles for more insights.

Start small. Set tiny, realistic goals. That is the sign of a top performer. – Zubin Ajmera, Progress and Win

The corporate world realises that collaborating with startups will actually create the kind of differentiation they need. – Subinder Khurana, NASSCOM

There was a time when disrupting the status quo was the way to become a market leader. Now it’s simply a way of surviving. – Anthony Bartolo, Tata Communications

The most courageous act is still to think for yourself. Aloud. – Coco Chanel

A decade ago pulling data and organising it for meaningful outcomes took years. Now, it takes less than a day to crunch voluminous data. – Bob Lord, IBM

Location is no longer a point, it is a moving line. – Kashyap Deorah, HyperTrack

Startups must remember to focus on core technology instead of focusing on data gathering. – M R Srinivasaprasad, Philips Innovation Centre

With increasingly nuclear families, working spouses and people moving across cities, the vertical flow of parenting knowledge from generation to generation was replaced by a horizontal flow of knowledge among mothers. – Vishal Gupta, Momspresso

If you truly feel the power of art, give everything to it. – Renu George, Gallery Time and Space

Every artist has a unique style and trying to compete with others is a losing battle. – Lalitha Raj

Blockchain eases pressure on the wallets of businesses operating in the healthcare domain. – Ashissh Raichura, Scanbo

Entrepreneurship can be a lonely journey; hence, always be on the lookout for someone who can mentor you. – Rashi Sanghvi, Gardner Street

The key is to keep doing good deeds for they keep you happy and continue the circle of giving and receiving. – G Prabhakar Bellisara, Padmashree orphanage

The companies who support the rule of law and operate with decency and fair play around the globe will always succeed in the long term. – Timothy Erblich, Ethisphere

Banking and Blockchain are natural bedfellows. – Karan Bharadwaj, XinFin

The use of data that goes beyond tax returns, bank statements, and credit bureaus enhances the ability of Indian citizens and businesses outside the formal banking system to access credit. – Sonal Jain, Indifi Technologies

With cities getting smarter, the demands on the infrastructure are increasing and technology is key to keep up the pace. – Shalini Kapoor, IBM

AI is rapidly transforming the way we identify and hire talent and is headlong on the path towards becoming your career companion. – Raj Mukherjee, Indeed

A mobile-only mindset, an instinct for ubiquitous computing and a demand for localised content are three key things that are driving next billion users to connect to the Internet. – Caesar Sengupta, Google

Technology plays pivotal role in managing a huge base of subscribers. – Harsh Vardhan, Voko

Cloud telephony has made it easier for SMEs and enterprises to set up their contact centre operations. – Chaitanya Chokkareddy, Ozonetel

The ultimate role of AI in marketing is to add value and purpose to both brands and customers. – Satyakam Mohanty, Lymbyc

Digital lending firms have made it possible to provide hassle-free loans to SMEs. – Rajesh Gupta, Cash Suvidha

IoT services are central to the rise in IoT devices. – Denise Rueb, Gartner

The future of field workforce management is IOT-enabled connected devices and smart homes. – Anand Balaji, Zuper

Most calamitous warnings of job losses confuse AI with automation — that overshadows the greatest AI benefit — AI augmentation. – Svetlana Sicular, Gartner

If big data can be put to cutting-edge use for our corporations and clients, it can very well be a catalyst for the economy and the country. – Keshav Murugesh, WNS Global Services Group

Everybody wants Bitcoin but nobody knows what to do with it. – Priyank Kharge, Minister of Information Technology, Karnataka

There will be a natural progression for new consumers to embrace digital. The challenge for all will be to increase share of pre-paid model than cash-on-delivery. – Sanjay Sethi, ShopClues

Increasingly, businesses will be judged on their commitment to what we call Applied Intelligence. – Mark Knickrehm, Accenture Strategy

Business is all about how you can use your data. – Mahesh Lingareddy, Smartron

Scalable and accessible financial services platforms, incorporating big data analytics and machine learning, will be critical to any lending business. – Gan Chee Yen, Fullerton Financial Holdings

We vigorously trust in sleek user interfaces, and rarely ask what lies beneath. – Philipp Kristian, ‘The Trust Economy’

Such a large market and such low levels of ecommerce penetration means there is huge room for growth. – K. Ganesh, Growth Story

India has many dislocated markets that can be fertile ground for startups. – Rajeev Ahuja, RBL Bank

Can you bring the cost of delivery down so low that the economics actually become super viable? Today with better technology it is easier to bring the cost of delivery lower with a sizeable business. – Bhavik Rathod, uberEats India

Mobile or digital payments can replace cash only when these payment methods are as intuitive or frictionless as paying by cash. – Vivek Kumar Singh, ToneTag

A lot of startups had suggested that they were moving away from offers and discounts. However, social media tells a different story. – Siddharth Dwivedi, Vaizle

O2O is the way to go for a country like India, where there is a great variation in preferences. – Amit Sinha, Paytm Mall

The offices of tomorrow will invest in cutting-edge technology to provide more efficient working techniques. – Ishan Thacker, Vector Projects

It’s amazing how someone’s IQ seems to double as soon as you give them responsibility and indicate that you trust them. – Tim Ferriss, ‘The 4-Hour Workweek’

No product is created perfect. It is always an evolution. – Amit Dabas, Daaki

While food is one way to get to know a place, it also brings to the fore many lesser-known stories. – Simi Matthew, Oota Walks

Competition is good, but all parties must be equally regulated. – Deepak Abbot, Paytm

The potential for beauty services, drivers on demand, and cleaning among others is immense. – Snehanshu Gandhi, Tapp Me

In China, local brands become national ones. We believe that the same will happen in India. – Ananya Tripathi, Myntra

With cinema becoming expensive right now, people are looking at alternate forms of entertainment. – Nandhitha Hariharan, Let’s Talk Life

Thanks to migration, there’s an opportunity for every regional product to reach big cities. – Purba Kalita, SaleBhai

Mental illness continues to be one of the most misunderstood and hidden epidemics of our generation. – Matt Berriman, Unlockd

You can’t be a global company without understanding the dynamics of every market and every city. – Didier Hilhorst, Uber

Gaming is big business. But scaling up in India is big challenge. – V Ganapathy, Axilor

The media is in crisis. Google and Facebook are taking the vast majority of ad revenue. – Jonah Peretti, BuzzFeed

Brand spends on mobile gaming are very low compared to TV. But the opportunity is huge. Gaming can drive captive communities in the future. – Rajan Navani, Jetline India

We believe that it is possible to ensure good health, a clean home, and a healthy pet without the use of harmful chemicals. – John Thomas, Herbal Strategi

Healthy soils equal healthy humans. – Mudhu Reddy

Without humans, the forest will flourish. Without forests, we humans cannot flourish. – K M Chinnappa, Wildlife Conservation Education Project

The problem of e-waste is only going to grow exponentially. It’s important to engage with the issue because the problem cannot be solved without behavioural shift on how we treat e-waste. – Pranshu Singhal, Karo Sambhav

Food is not just about taste, it’s a whole sensual treat for all your senses. – Sunaeyaa Kapoor

We are now going back from processed foods back to our roots. – Neeti Sarin, Tiffin’s Etc

While sympathy is present in spades in our society, empathy is in short supply. – Saaket and Salil Jajodia, Donate My Time

The state of the country and the ordinary people needs to be researched, contextualised, and communicated for a democracy to be able to correct its course constantly. – Kota Neelima, ‘Shoes of The Dead’

If your intuition says you can do it, just go ahead with it. – Nagashree Gururaj, PCYS

Startups are the truest passion projects. – Kanchan Kumar, ‘The Madness Starts at 9’


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Future war: the UN Secretary General called for the fight against cyber warfare

#technology #HiTech #devices #news #World #Europe

Cyber war between States” the world is watching today.

UN Secretary-General, antónio Guterres, called for the unification of the world community to minimize the impact of cyber warfare on civilian lives.

This writes with reference to .

“The next war will begin with a massive cyber attack aimed at destroying the military potential and paralysis of basic infrastructure such as electric networks,” – said Guterres during a speech at Lisbon University on February 19.

Guterres proposed the creation of a UN platform on which scientists, officials and others could develop rules “to ensure more humane” solution to any conflict associated with information technology.Guterres made the statement after the United States and Britain last week accused Russia of a virus NotPetya in June 2017, which violated the companies ‘ activities throughout Europe, primarily in Ukraine. Moscow has rejected the accusations, calling them unfounded.



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Report: US ‘Laying the Groundwork’ for Cyber Attacks Against North Korea

A Foreign Policy report suggests the United States is currently “laying the groundwork” for cyber warfare against North Korea as an alternative method of neutralizing the rogue communist regime.

Foreign Policy magazine’s Jenna McLaughlin spoke to six U.S. intelligence officers who revealed that, while the military prepares for a potential conflict with North Korea, authorities are also developing digital infrastructure designed to target Pyongyang.

“The U.S. government for the past six months has covertly begun laying the groundwork for possible cyber attacks on North Korea in countries including South Korea and Japan,” the magazine wrote.

“This process involves installing fiber cables as bridges into the region and setting up remote bases and listening posts, where hackers may attempt to gain access to a North Korean Internet that’s largely walled off from external connections,” it continued.

The article also detailed how national security officials are reportedly switching the focus from current intelligent operations towards the North Korean threat, which has significantly escalated over the past year amid repeated threats of nuclear war.

Some of this investment reportedly includes developing “signals intelligence, overhead imagery, geospatial intelligence, and other technical capabilities,” while intelligence officials serving in less threatening parts of the world will be relocated.

“The national technical focus is being switched,” the article quotes one intelligence official as saying. “If you’re an Africa analyst, you’re f*****.”

Experts suggest that the U.S. could initiate a cyber war by targeting North Korea’s cryptocurrency reserves, following reports that they successfully hacked exchanges from South Korea last month in a bid to access hard currency.

North Korea itself is believed to have been responsible for multiple cyber attacks. Last May, cybersecurity experts provided evidence that North Korea was behind a global “ransomware” attack that took hostage computers and servers around the world.

In 2014, the regime was also accused of conducting a cyber attack on Sony Entertainment after the release of the action comedy film The Interview which told the story of two journalists sent to North Korea to assassinate dictator Kim Jong-un.

President Donald Trump’s homeland security advisor Thomas Bossert recently told reporters that there is not “a lot of room left here to apply pressure” against the regime as it inches closer to completing its nuclear arsenal.

“The Administration has made North Korea a top priority, and the CIA established its Korea Mission Center to harness the full resources, capabilities, and authorities of the Agency to address the threat posed by Kim Jong Un and his regime,” CIA spokesman Jonathan Liu told the magazine. “We shift resources as appropriate to tackle our most pressing challenges.”

Follow Ben Kew on Facebook, on Twitter at @ben_kew, or email him at bkew@breitbart.com.


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Need to reskill workforce on disruptive technology: PM Narendra Modi

HYDERABAD: Prime Minister Narendra Modi has urged the salaried class to reflect on changing nature of jobs in the backdrop of increasing adoption of artificial intelligence and automation among corporates, and emphasised the need for reskilling existing workforce on emerging technologies.

Inaugurating the twin conferences of World Congress on Information Technology (WCIT) and software industry association Nasscom’s India Leadership Forum being held at Hyderabad through video conferencing on Monday, Modi also launched Nasscom’s reskilling initiative FutureSkills. “We need to ensure that our existing workforce is able to reskill, as new technologies emerge,” the PM said.

Nasscom has identified eight key technologies to help reskill the existing workforce in India. These include robotic process automation, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, Internet of Things, social & mobile, big data analytics, cloud computing and 3D printing. Disruptive technologies such as blockchain and the Internet of Things will have a deep impact on the way we live and work, Modi said. “They will require rapid adaptation in our workplaces.”

He said FutureSkills should “help India maintain its competitive edge”. Modi said, with over one lakh villages linked with optical fibre, 121 crore mobile phones, 120 crore Aadhaar and 50 crore internet users, India is best placed to leverage the power of technology to leapfrog into the future while ensuring empowerment of every citizen.

“Technology has transcended PowerPoint presentations and has become an inseparable part of people’s lives. While most government initiatives depend on a government push, Digital India is succeeding because of people’s pull,” he said.

The PM said leveraging technology in such a holistic manner was unthinkable some years ago, but his government has successfully completed this life-cycle in the last three-and-a-half years with the convergence of Make in India and Digital India initiatives.

Modi said the government believes that startups were key to finding viable and economical solutions across sectors and verticals and, accordingly, the government is building Tinkering Labs in schools under Atal Innovation Mission with an objective of fostering curiosity, creativity and imagination in young minds.

Modi said the JAM trinity of combining 320 million Jan Dhan bank accounts of poor with Aadhaar and mobile with direct benefits of welfare measures has saved Rs 57,000 crore. “Digital payments through BHIM-UPI has registered transactions of Rs 15,000 crore in January 2018,” he said.


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