This is an known issue with printers provided by Citrix Universal Printer server on windows operating systems Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, Windows 10, Windows Server 2012r2, Windows Server 2012.
Citrix is working with Microsoft to correct this interaction between Microsoft operating systems and Citrix universal print server print provider.
This issue has been documented in our XenApp/XenDesktop documentation since 7.5
- Universal Print Server printers selected in the virtual desktop do not appear in the Devices and Printers window in Windows Control Panel. However, when users are working in applications, they can print using those printers. This issue occurs only on Windows Server 2012, Windows 2012 R2 , Windows 10 and Windows 8 platforms. [#335153]
The Device Setup Manager service is discussed in the following article from Microsoft it applies to both Windows 8 and Windows 2012.
Device setup user experience in Windows 8
Microsoft released a hotfix for server 2012r2 which partially addressed some issues with 3rd party print provider visibility in newer windows releases.
However this was not a complete solution, and printers provided by Citrix Universal Print Server remained not visible.