VU#548487: BSD libc contains a buffer overflow vulnerability in link_ntoa()

Vulnerability Note VU#548487

BSD libc contains a buffer overflow vulnerability in link_ntoa()

Original Release date: 06 Dec 2016 | Last revised: 08 Dec 2016

Overview

The BSD libc library’s link_ntoa() function may be vulnerable to a classic buffer overflow. It is currently unclear if this issue is exploitable.

Description

CWE-120: Buffer Copy without Checking Size of Input (‘Classic Buffer Overflow’) – CVE-2016-6559

Improper bounds checking of the obuf variable in the link_ntoa() function in linkaddr.c may allow an attacker to read or write from memory.

The full impact and severity depends on the method of exploit and how the library is used by applications. According to analysis by FreeBSD developers, it is very unlikely that applications exist that utilize link_ntoa() in an exploitable manner, and the CERT/CC is not aware of any proof of concept. A blog post describes the functionality of link_ntoa() and points out that none of the base utilities use this function in an exploitable manner. For more information, please see FreeBSD Security Advisory SA-16:37.

The CVSS score below reflects a worst-case scenario in which an attacker may execute arbitrary code with root permissions. It is unclear if any program exists that would allow exploit in any manner.

Impact

The full impact and severity depends on the method of exploit and how the library is used by applications. An attacker may be able to execute arbitrary code, but CERT/CC is currently unaware of a proof of concept.

Solution

Apply an update

FreeBSD libc was updated to address this vulnerability. Affected users are encouraged to upgrade to the latest version of libc and/or the latest release of your operating system.

In FreeBSD, the following patch levels (or later) contain a fix:

9.3-RELEASE-p51
10.1-RELEASE-p43
10.2-RELEASE-p26
10.3-RELEASE-p13
11.0-RELEASE-p4

Vendor Information (Learn More)

Vendor Status Date Notified Date Updated
Apple Affected 10 Oct 2016 16 Nov 2016
FreeBSD Project Affected 21 Oct 2016 21 Nov 2016
HardenedBSD Affected 26 Oct 2016 07 Dec 2016
NetBSD Affected 26 Oct 2016 08 Dec 2016
DesktopBSD Unknown 26 Oct 2016 26 Oct 2016
DragonFly BSD Project Unknown 26 Oct 2016 26 Oct 2016
F5 Networks, Inc. Unknown 26 Oct 2016 26 Oct 2016
Juniper Networks Unknown 26 Oct 2016 26 Oct 2016
Nokia Unknown 26 Oct 2016 26 Oct 2016
OpenBSD Unknown 26 Oct 2016 08 Dec 2016
PC-BSD Unknown 16 Nov 2016 16 Nov 2016
QNX Software Systems Inc. Unknown 26 Oct 2016 26 Oct 2016
TrueOS Unknown 16 Nov 2016 16 Nov 2016

If you are a vendor and your product is affected, let
us know
.

CVSS Metrics (Learn More)

Group Score Vector
Base 9.3 AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C
Temporal 6.9 E:U/RL:OF/RC:C
Environmental 1.7 CDP:ND/TD:L/CR:ND/IR:ND/AR:ND

References

Credit

Thanks to the reporter who wishes to remain anonymous.

This document was written by Garret Wassermann.

Other Information

  • CVE IDs:
    CVE-2016-6559
  • Date Public:
    06 Dec 2016
  • Date First Published:
    06 Dec 2016
  • Date Last Updated:
    08 Dec 2016
  • Document Revision:
    53

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