The regulations of the bolivian disallow the use of criptoactivos, but not the certification in blokchain.Analysts bolivian clarify the difference between an electronic signature and a digital.Digital signatures are a technology-based solution that seeks to provide security and trust to electronic documents, and the community of enthusiastic Bolivian Mind Blockchain (BMB) sees it as the future of digital identity. This is why the promote with the aim of improving the services of public and private agencies in that country.Gabriela Melendrez Alaro, founder of the collective BMB, explained to Breaking News that the digital signature can be used to authenticate a user in the Internet systems of many public institutions. By means of this instrument the documents acquire legal value and character of evidence, to allow you to create files with more security than a handwritten signature.In the opinion of the founder of BMB, through the use of digital signatures reduces the use and transport of paper, and promotes the quantity and quality of services oriented to customers of the state and private institutions.He also explained that the network that is used for the development of this virtual instrument in Bolivia, is the platform of Hyperledger Fabric. But, why use a platform blockchain? The founder of BMB argues that it is a distributed system distinguished notably by its ability of consensus among participants.It also points out that its technology of distributed database between computers allows that, once entered in her codes, they remain there forever. With this “guarantee a transaction, an agreement or an identity, that lets you encrypt the elements that have to do with privacy”.
Blockchain and the security of the data
Around the security of the data is delivered Erick Poppe Yanez, electronic engineer, academic and specialist in hardware and software, networks and cryptography, a frequent special guest at events of Blockchain Lab promoted by BMB.Poppe believes that “the network of blockchain Hyperledger Fabric reduces scams by allowing participants to share the information consensus on the process. This avoids the single point of failure vulnerable to manipulation,” according to the opinion.It also stresses that this platform blockchain reduces the scams, by allowing participants to share the information agreed upon in the process. “So, avoids single point of failure vulnerable to manipulation,” he adds. Under its optics, this technology enhances both the security and privacy in the transmission of data, as in transactions with digital signatures via the Internet.For this reason, it seeks to take advantage of the features of this chain of blocks to reconfigure the way they are used in the rubrics of virtual identity.
One of the keys is that the book open and distributed technology blockchain would be able to detect and filter activities that potentially fraudulent or abusive on the part of some of those involved.Erick Poppe Yanez
Around the contribution of the network of Hyperledger Fabric to the verification of the identity, stressed that it contributes to the development of a system of public key infrastructure, which is included for the certification of the communication between participants at all levels.
Differentiate between digital and electronic signatures
The community BMB has been warning users about the need for you to know the difference between digital signatures and electronic. Through your account in Facebook warn that “all digital signatures are electronic but not all electronic signatures are digital”.In this sense, Melendrez Alaro and Diana Balderrama, another member of the community BMB, coincided in pointing out that despite the fact that these two terms are used commonly as synonyms, the reality is that they are different concepts.The electronic signature is only a signature equivalent to handwritten, that may well be a rubric, scanned into a data format. That is to say, is the proof that a real person has given his consent for a particular purpose. This has no legal validity.Melendrez Alaro explained that “the digital signature uses electronic signatures and the tecnifica to a level cryptographic”. But in addition to them adds a set of features that give it legal validity, and security. Therefore, they serve both to identify the person to certify the accuracy of the information. It adds a sort of lock that is given by the digital certificate, which is nothing more than an official certificate issued by an agency that validates the signature.
In sum, the main conceptual differences between an electronic signature and a digital are the uses and the nature of the same. While an electronic signature is related to the legal aspects of acceptance of certain conditions or the validation of an action (in different levels); a digital signature has the legal effects, because its function is to encrypt data to give greater security to a transaction, to authenticate and identify the person running the operation.Gabriela Melendrez, founder of the community BMB
Challenges of the blockchains private
In terms of the challenges facing the current platforms blockchains private, in order to make more effective the implementation of digital signatures, Erick Poppe noted that in Bolivia you must achieve a “normalization of entities in order to agree the standard encryption algorithms and standards of certificates X. 509″. In cryptography, X. 509 is a standard of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU-T) infrastructure of public keys.Warnings about which no one usually do about digital signatures, spoke to Judith Apaza, another participant of the events of BMB. The specialist in Political Management, Public Management and Electronic Government considers that something recurring that is not mentioned is that, beyond the technological, the digital signature is the way in which we exercise our identity in the digital world”.”It is very common for technicians to reduce their use in cryptography or mathematics, but the digital signature is also the way in which we can interact with others in the digital world,” he said.At the discretion of Apaza, a frequent occurrence is to display a scanned signature to represent the digital signature. “But currently, it is possible that a blank document is signed, and there are also ways in which we can all verify the existence of a digital signature”.
What is illegal or not?
It is known that in Bolivia the use of the cryptocurrencies is illegal. However, the same is not the case in the use of the platform blockchain of Hyperledger Fabric to certify documents, clarified Melendrez Alaro and Poppe.”Definitely not. Although the regulations of bolivia do not authorize the use of criptovalores, the use of certified documents, using chains of blocks is permitted through the supreme decree 3525, produced by the Agency of Electronic Government and Information and Communication Technologies (Agetic),” said Poppe.For Melendrez Alaro the digital signature, and open data should facilitate the transition towards an open government. In fact, the implementation of the advanced electronic signature and digital certificates play an essential role in the development of the digital administration. Are the tools for citizens to identify themselves digitally to the public entities and interact with them, with the same validity that it would have a procedure done personally in any window.However, he emphasized that for which the user is already identified to be able to access the full services of the government, it takes knowledge and information to avoid the bureaucracy that means making a procedure, for example. “The goal of open data is to improve the information published, transparentarla, so as to eliminate the barriers of consumption of the end users,” he concluded.