Hyperledger Fabric and Monitoring

Hyperledger is an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. It is a global collaboration, hosted by The Linux Foundation, including leaders in finance, banking, Internet of Things, supply chains, manufacturing and Technology.

Hyperledger Meetup groups have an informal relationship with Hyperledger, and make up a key part of the Hyperledger ecosystem. Participation in a Hyperledger Meetup group is open to anyone–employees of a Hyperledger member company, Hyperledger contributors and developers, and people just passionate about blockchain technology.

Hyperledger Fabric and Monitoring

A technical meetup that will look at the tools for monitoring a production grade Hyperledger Fabric farm, including but not limited to:

– Hyperledger Explorer

– Hyperledger Fabric operation service

– Fabric and Prometheus integration

– Fabric and Grafana metrics

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DATE & TIME: 26th August 2021 / 17:00

VENUE: Online

TICKET:€FREE

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New Cloud Security Alliance Research Evaluates Hyperledger Fabric 2.0 Security, Provides …

SEATTLE–(BUSINESS WIRE)–The Cloud Security Alliance (CSA), the world’s leading organization dedicated to defining standards, certifications, and best practices to help ensure a secure cloud computing environment, today released the Hyperledger Fabric 2.0 Architecture Security Report and accompanying Security Controls Checklist, the latest research from the CSA Blockchain/Distributed Ledger working group. The report and checklist, which align with NIST Cybersecurity Framework’s Controls, seek to help security and risk management leaders and regulators in the financial industry mitigate the negative consequences surrounding a data breach, which could result in the loss of trade, ownership, and trust between business stakeholders.

“Hyperledger Fabric 2.0 has rapidly seen more than 50-percent adoption among the top financial services companies, making it a key component of the industry’s infrastructure. This seminal report is crucial in understanding the risks inherent in Hyperledger architecture, and providing both new and experienced users a straightforward way to address those risks while balancing security and business needs,” said Bill Izzo, Chair of the Blockchain/DLT Working Group.

The researchers, led by Urmila Nagvekar, one of the paper’s co-authors, performed a detailed security review of Hyperledger Fabric 2.0’s architecture in a permissioned environment to identify architectural weaknesses as applied to the financial services industry and recommend security countermeasures to mitigate them. The researchers first identified Fabric 2.0’s architectural risks to cybersecurity attributes (privacy, confidentiality, integrity, availability) when implemented as a permissioned blockchain enterprise network for a trade finance use case in a cloud-based environment, and delivered a fully implementable “Security Controls Checklist” aligned with NIST Cybersecurity Framework’s Controls 2 to proactively prevent, detect, and respond to the identified risks thus mitigating the business impacts downstream to the trade finance business workflow.

Hyperledger Fabric 2.0 was specifically evaluated against Microsoft’s “STRIDE” Threat Modeling Methodology (Shostack, 2014) and Gartner’s Blockchain Security Model (Gartner, 2018), for vulnerabilities that have been the root cause of prior business execution compromises in non-Fabric blockchain environments. Specifically, the Fabric 2.0 architecture was evaluated for compromise to the confidentiality and privacy of both the trade finance business logic, as well as the transaction and its payload and for weaknesses in its operational semantics. The analysis was undertaken to confirm that trade finance business logic embedded within smart contracts can’t be manipulated by adversaries during execution to gain financial advantage.

The group determined that Hyperledger Fabric 2.0’s security architecture was natively secure by both design and default when it came to trade finance business logic and payload confidentiality and privacy. Moreover, it was also robust in preventing adversaries from manipulating trade finance’s business logic during execution.

The group went on to perform threat modeling finding numerous potential threats with a HIGH risk, likelihood and impact rating, across the cybersecurity functional areas, including end device and server security, identity and access management, consensus security, application security, peer security, and data privacy and cryptography. The report details threat mitigation strategy recommendations addressing these areas.

“Hyperledger Fabric is powering significant innovation in enterprise blockchain and has seen keen uptake across a number of market segments, including financial services,” said Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director, Hyperledger and Managing Director for Blockchain, Healthcare and Identity at the Linux Foundation. “We commend the CSA for undertaking this work to help users understand the security of the Hyperledger Fabric architecture, test it against industry-standard security models, and provide insights into what users need to consider in their own implementations. It is this kind of work that will further trust in distributed systems, and therefore faster adoption.”

The Blockchain/Distributed Ledger working group works to produce useful content to educate different industries on blockchain and its proper use, as well as define blockchain security and compliance requirements based upon different industries and use cases. Individuals interested in becoming involved in Blockchain/Distributed Ledger future research and initiatives are invited to join the working group.

The paper is available at no charge. Learn more about these documents and their use in this pre-recorded webinar or download the full Hyperledger Fabric 2.0 Architecture Security Report.

About Cloud Security Alliance

The Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) is the world’s leading organization dedicated to defining and raising awareness of best practices to help ensure a secure cloud computing environment. CSA harnesses the subject matter expertise of industry practitioners, associations, governments, and its corporate and individual members to offer cloud security-specific research, education, training, certification, events, and products. CSA’s activities, knowledge, and extensive network benefit the entire community impacted by cloud — from providers and customers to governments,entrepreneurs, and the assurance industry — and provide a forum through which different parties can work together to create and maintain a trusted cloud ecosystem. For further information, visit us at www.cloudsecurityalliance.org, and follow us on Twitter @cloudsa.

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IBM deepens its commitment to open source Hyperledger Fabric

IBM Fabric Console

IBM Fabric ConsoleIBM is deepening its contributions to Hyperledger Fabric. It is providing code which it (IBM) says makes it easier to develop and deploy blockchain solutions for business.

Per Kareem Yusuf, the IBM General Manager, AI Applications and Blockchain: “We know that many customers working with open-source need extended support, and we will continue to provide access to our expertise through our services business, which continues to grow.

“We are also announcing an entirely new Hyperledger Fabric support offering, which will include access to IBM Certified Images, Code Security Scans, Break/Fix Level 3 Support and 24/7 customer support. This offering will be available in the fall through the Red Hat Marketplace and will offer the same level of Fabric support that previously was only available to our IBM Blockchain Platform customers.

“We are also donating the code that supports token exchanges on Hyperledger Fabric, Fabric Token SDK, as well as support for DLT Interoperability.

Hyperledger Fabric

Hyperledger Fabric is the open-source project from the Linux Foundation. Its attraction is it is a modular blockchain framework for enterprise blockchain platforms. Intended as a foundation for developing enterprise-grade applications and industry solutions, its architecture exploits plug-and-play components so as to accommodate a wide range of use cases.

To date, there are more than 100K contributing organizations and more than 15K engineer contributors working together. As such Hyperledger Fabric can be said to offer an approach to consensus which:

  • facilitates performance at an enterprise scale
  • preserves the data privacy that enterprises demand.

The IBM Blockchain Platform Console/Fabric Operation Console contribution

Most enterprises need tools for network management and governance. Such tools enable them to build and scale blockchain networks quickly – and to manage governance.

Part of the IBM contribution is the underlying code for the IBM Blockchain Platform Console. IBM expects this to become part of what is now the Fabric Operations Console. This Fabric Operations Console:

  • allows different platforms to integrate with a Hyperledger Fabric network
  • enhances standardisation
  • improves ease of use of the platform.

Enterprise Times: what does this mean

It is not easy to determine the significance of this IBM donation. On the one hand, IBM is contributing both knowledge and capability in an area where enterprises value greater capabilities. On the other hand, it is hard to assess whether the Fabric Operations Console will become anything of great use.

More interesting to Enterprise Times is the IBM “code that supports token exchanges on Hyperledger Fabric, Fabric Token SDK, as well as support for DLT Interoperability”. But there is no detail and this interoperability is a critical issue.

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IBM open source its own blockchain code

Provide the licensed code to the general public

Technology giant IBM has announced that it will open source many of its blockchain code to make the blockchain “Hyperledger Fabric” more convenient. It will also start offering a paid service to support Hyperledger Fabric users.

The popular enterprise blockchain “Hyperledger Fabric” is a permission type (requires administrator permission to participate) chain adopted by many companies, and smart contracts can be written in general-purpose programming languages ​​such as Java and Go. It is applied in various fields such as the construction of a secure management / sharing system for medical data and the system for tracking food products to improve traceability.

Relation: What is Hyperledger Fabric, the most used blockchain framework for enterprises?

“Hyperledger Fabric” is an open source project provided by the Linux Foundation, but IBM has been involved in the development from the beginning.

IBM is now providing code that facilitates the development and adoption of blockchain solutions for businesses. It also includes the console’s underlying code, which makes it easy to integrate different platforms with the Hyperledger Fabric network, improving the platform’s usability.

The code was previously licensed by IBM, but is now open source. It also provides a “Fabric Token SDK” that enables token exchange on “Hyperledger Fabric” and code that supports the interoperability of distributed ledgers.

At the same time as the code is open sourced, a paid user support service will be launched for companies that use “Hyperledger Fabric”. This includes 24-hour customer support and code security scanning. It is expected to be available from this fall through the IT infrastructure market “Red Hat Marketplace”.

Blockchain business based on case studies

“To strengthen Hyperledger Fabric and establish a vibrant platform for everyone to innovate,” said Kareem Yusuf, head of artificial intelligence and blockchain at IBM, behind the move.

According to Yusuf, it makes sense to open source because the core blockchain technology and IBM’s blockchain platform itself are not very profitable. Yusuf commented on the blockchain media Ledger Insights:

A blockchain platform is a means to achieve a certain purpose (case study). We believe that having a more vibrant and widely adopted platform makes it easier to generate revenue based on actual end-user adoption cases.

In this direction, Yusuf cited the following three specific business fields.

  • Consulting to realize specific customer use cases
  • Products that integrate with other solutions
  • Enterprise grade customer support

Yusuf explained that it is possible to determine the functions required for the platform by calculating back from specific adoption cases such as traceability and carbon emission calculation. “I think we’ve entered the stage of large-scale adoption (of blockchain), so we have to clarify the case studies,” he said.

Withdrawal of blockchain business is denied again

The company denied this in February of this year when it was reported that IBM was shrinking its blockchain business. Yusuf also mentioned the matter, saying, “We haven’t withdrawn from the blockchain, we’ll focus on how to use it productively.” In the future, it seems that it will focus on supporting specific adoption cases of blockchain technology.

Relation: IBM spokeswoman denies blockchain business contraction = press

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Author: A. Yamada

Reference: IBM, Ledger Insights

Images used under Shutterstock license

“Cryptocurrency” means “cryptographic assets”

About Post Author

Miu LinMiu LinMiu Lin

Miu Lin

Miu is a journalism major and has been writing as a business journalist for various dailies before joining OBN. She currently writes about blockchain, cryptocurrencies and business news.

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    IBM contributes blockchain platform code to Hyperledger to drive enterprise blockchain adoption

    The global blockchain technology market size is projected to reach $72 billion in the next five years. In order to ensure this growth, however, blockchain solution providers must continue to advance and innovate.

    For example, public enterprise blockchain use has become an ongoing trend this year as companies like ConsenSys aim to drive adoption for open, permissionless networks. On the flip side, it’s important to point out that private blockchains are still being leveraged by enterprises and will continue to be utilized as innovation continues.

    Advancing open, permissioned blockchain networks

    Most recently, computing giant IBM announced that it has open-sourced a large portion of its IBM Blockchain Platform code to help drive up adoption rates for enterprise blockchain use cases.

    Kareem Yusuf, general manager of AI and blockchain applications at IBM, told Cointelegraph that this is one of IBM’s largest contributions to open-source code. He further noted that the company is unveiling a new Hyperledger Fabric support offering, along with donating the code that supports token exchanges on Hyperledger Fabric, known as Fabric Token SDK. Yusuf said:

    “Our intent is to make sure we have a vibrant and active Hyperledger community. To support this, we have announced two key moves. One is the donation of our management console code capabilities, which was in our IBM Blockchain Platform, into the Hyperledger Labs world. Another is making available a support offering for those wishing to use Hyperledger Fabric with full-product support from IBM.”

    According to Yusuf, IBM’s significant code contribution will make it easier for Hyperledger users to utilize Fabric, which is an enterprise-grade distributed ledger platform that caters to a variety of enterprise use cases. IBM’s blockchain platform is powered by Hyperledger Fabric.

    It’s also worth mentioning that Hyperledger was launched in 2015 by the Linux Foundation as an open-source collaborative effort to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. Hyperledger hosts a number of enterprise blockchain projects such as Fabric.

    Brian Behlendorf, executive director of Hyperledger, told Cointelegraph that IBM’s new contributions will specifically make it easier for every developer to build on top of and manage a Fabric blockchain network. He further noted that these new efforts are organized as “Labs,” which are separate projects from Fabric but are used to build upon the Fabric framework.

    For example, Behlendorf pointed out that Fabric’s “Token SDK” will help formalize the approach for managing tokens on top of Fabric. Building tokens on top of Hyperledger has always been possible, as Metacoin (MTC) was the first cryptocurrency built on Hyperledger to achieve mainnet status in 2018. Although this is a feature offered to developers, Behlendorf noted that it had previously required a lot of “do-it-yourself” effort. “Now that gets a better-supported approach,” he remarked.

    Behlendorf added that another Lab, the “Fabric Smart Console,” makes managing a cluster of Fabric nodes across a network even easier to monitor and manage. Both of these Labs should become more accessible for developers to leverage once IBM’s full-support offering is available in the Red Hat Marketplace sometime this fall. The offering will include access to IBM-certified images, code security scans and around-the-clock customer support. Yusuf added:

    “Being able to manage Hyperledger Fabric has been challenging. A major thing to consider here is support. If all costs of support are embedded in a single project, this can’t be monetized across other projects, and it becomes more expensive. A standardized support offering, however, can be very well structured to fit across multiple use cases.”

    Specifically speaking, Arun S.M. — Hyperledger contributor, leader in the Hyperledger India chapter and member of the Hyperledger Technical Steering Committee — told Cointelegraph that the announcement of Fabric Smart Console, the crux of operations part of IBM Blockchain Platform, came as a surprise, noting that the secret sauce has now been revealed:

    “There are projects within Hyperledger (including Labs) that can deploy a network, help to visualize and monitor deployed networks, including performing operations to varying degrees. What brings in excitement around the latest announcement is that IBM Blockchain Platform is used in many production applications. It is mature and seasoned. Having a self-hosted management portal with an intuitive UI that can hide complexities and reduce the network administration is a blessing in disguise for many.”

    Ultimately, Yusuf explained that these new offerings will help increase adoption for enterprise blockchain use cases looking to leverage permissioned networks. Moreover, Yusuf noted that open-sourcing the Fabric code will help bring down costs, which has been a primary challenge for small-to-medium-sized companies looking to use permissioned networks.

    This is important for a number of reasons. For instance, even though one industry report shows that public blockchain adoption has emerged as the leading market segment, Yusuf mentioned that enterprise use cases that leverage a shared, permissioned blockchain are still critical — especially for use cases like supply chain management:

    “By definition, a supply chain is a network that involves sharing information between suppliers and different parties, so you need a blockchain infrastructure to tackle inventory visibility, provenance, responsible sourcing and more.”

    By allowing Hyperledger Fabric’s base foundation to be open, Yusuf believes this will encourage more people to engage and collaborate using permissioned networks.

    Hyperledger community is expected to grow

    In addition to advancing enterprise blockchain adoption using open, permissioned networks, IBM’s contributions may draw more developers to the Hyperledger community.

    According to Behlendorf, the impact of IBM’s open-source offerings will bring more developers to Hyperledger Fabric and the community as a whole. “This will hopefully inspire more to cross over into becoming contributors and core maintainers as well,” he remarked.

    Related: As Microsoft Azure closes shop, ConsenSys Quorum opens up to new users

    As such, enterprises leveraging Hyperledger Fabric are likely to grow. For example, the Filecoin Foundation recently announced that it has become a member of the Hyperledger community. Marta Belcher, board chair of the Filecoin Foundation, commented that Filecoin’s (FIL) decentralized storage capabilities have tremendous potential in the enterprise space. “We’re thrilled to join Hyperledger, a leader in enterprise blockchain technology, to explore these possibilities,” she said.

    It’s also noteworthy that IBM’s contributions to Hyperledger Fabric demonstrate the company’s commitment to advancing enterprise blockchain. This is key to recognize, as it was previously rumored that IBM Blockchain’s team was “dissolving.”

    Yusuf remarked that he’s particularly focused on scale and adoption moving forward. “From IBM’s perspective, you can expect to see use cases that leverage blockchain to bring actual end value to our customers.”

    Related:

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    IBM opens Hyperledger Fabric source code to drive enterprise blockchain adoption

    For example, public enterprise blockchain use has become an ongoing trend this year as companies like ConsenSys aim to drive adoption for open, permissionless networks. On the flip side, it’s important to point out that private blockchains are still being leveraged by enterprises and will continue to be utilized as innovation continues.

    Advancing open, permissioned blockchain networks

    Most recently, computing giant IBM announced that it has open-sourced a large portion of its Hyperledger Fabric code to help drive up adoption rates for enterprise blockchain use cases.

    Kareem Yusuf, general manager of AI and blockchain applications at IBM, told Cointelegraph that this is one of IBM’s largest contributions to open-source code. He further noted that the company is unveiling a new Hyperledger Fabric support offering, along with donating the code that supports token exchanges on Hyperledger Fabric, known as Fabric Token SDK. Yusuf said:

    “Our intent is to make sure we have a vibrant and active Hyperledger community. To support this, we have announced two key moves. One is the donation of our management console code capabilities, which was in our IBM Blockchain Platform, into the Hyperledger Labs world. Another is making available a support offering for those wishing to use Hyperledger Fabric with full-product support from IBM.”

    According to Yusuf, IBM’s significant code contribution will make it easier for Hyperledger users to utilize Fabric, which is an enterprise-grade distributed ledger platform that caters to a variety of enterprise use cases. IBM’s blockchain platform is powered by Hyperledger Fabric.

    It’s also worth mentioning that Hyperledger was launched in 2015 by the Linux Foundation as an open-source collaborative effort to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. Hyperledger hosts a number of enterprise blockchain projects such as Fabric.

    Brian Behlendorf, executive director of Hyperledger, told Cointelegraph that IBM’s new contributions will specifically make it easier for every developer to build on top of and manage a Fabric blockchain network. He further noted that these new efforts are organized as “Labs,” which are separate projects from Fabric but are used to build upon the Fabric framework.

    For example, Behlendorf pointed out that Fabric’s “Token SDK” will help formalize the approach for managing tokens on top of Fabric. Building tokens on top of Hyperledger has always been possible, as Metacoin (MTC) was the first cryptocurrency built on Hyperledger to achieve mainnet status in 2018. Although this is a feature offered to developers, Behlendorf noted that it had previously required a lot of “do-it-yourself” effort. “Now that gets a better-supported approach,” he remarked.

    Behlendorf added that another Lab, the “Fabric Smart Console,” makes managing a cluster of Fabric nodes across a network even easier to monitor and manage. Both of these Labs should become more accessible for developers to leverage once IBM’s full-support offering is available in the Red Hat Marketplace sometime this fall. The offering will include access to IBM-certified images, code security scans and around-the-clock customer support. Yusuf added:

    “Being able to manage Hyperledger Fabric has been challenging. A major thing to consider here is support. If all costs of support are embedded in a single project, this can’t be monetized across other projects, and it becomes more expensive. A standardized support offering, however, can be very well structured to fit across multiple use cases.”

    Specifically speaking, Arun S.M. — Hyperledger contributor, leader in the Hyperledger India chapter and member of the Hyperledger Technical Steering Committee — told Cointelegraph that the announcement of Fabric Smart Console, the crux of operations part of IBM Blockchain Platform, came as a surprise, noting that the secret sauce has now been revealed:

    “There are projects within Hyperledger (including Labs) that can deploy a network, help to visualize and monitor deployed networks, including performing operations to varying degrees. What brings in excitement around the latest announcement is that IBM Blockchain Platform is used in many production applications. It is mature and seasoned. Having a self-hosted management portal with an intuitive UI that can hide complexities and reduce the network administration is a blessing in disguise for many.”

    Ultimately, Yusuf explained that these new offerings will help increase adoption for enterprise blockchain use cases looking to leverage permissioned networks. Moreover, Yusuf noted that open-sourcing the Fabric code will help bring down costs, which has been a primary challenge for small-to-medium-sized companies looking to use permissioned networks.

    This is important for a number of reasons. For instance, even though one industry report shows that public blockchain adoption has emerged as the leading market segment, Yusuf mentioned that enterprise use cases that leverage a shared, permissioned blockchain are still critical — especially for use cases like supply chain management:

    “By definition, a supply chain is a network that involves sharing information between suppliers and different parties, so you need a blockchain infrastructure to tackle inventory visibility, provenance, responsible sourcing and more.”

    By allowing Hyperledger Fabric’s base foundation to be open, Yusuf believes this will encourage more people to engage and collaborate using permissioned networks.

    Hyperledger community is expected to grow

    In addition to advancing enterprise blockchain adoption using open, permissioned networks, IBM’s contributions may draw more developers to the Hyperledger community.

    According to Behlendorf, the impact of IBM’s open-source offerings will bring more developers to Hyperledger Fabric and the community as a whole. “This will hopefully inspire more to cross over into becoming contributors and core maintainers as well,” he remarked.

    Related: As Microsoft Azure closes shop, ConsenSys Quorum opens up to new users

    As such, enterprises leveraging Hyperledger Fabric are likely to grow. For example, the Filecoin Foundation recently announced that it has become a member of the Hyperledger community. Marta Belcher, board chair of the Filecoin Foundation, commented that Filecoin’s (FIL) decentralized storage capabilities have tremendous potential in the enterprise space. “We’re thrilled to join Hyperledger, a leader in enterprise blockchain technology, to explore these possibilities,” she said.

    It’s also noteworthy that IBM’s contributions to Hyperledger Fabric demonstrate the company’s commitment to advancing enterprise blockchain. This is key to recognize, as it was previously rumored that IBM Blockchain’s team was “dissolving.”

    Yusuf remarked that he’s particularly focused on scale and adoption moving forward. “From IBM’s perspective, you can expect to see use cases that leverage blockchain to bring actual end value to our customers.”

    Source

    cointelegraph
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